Sao Tome and Principe population 212,233 (live)

The population of Sao Tome and Principe is expected to grow by 5,000 in 2018 and reach 213,000 in 2019. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 1,000 people yearly. On average there are 6,898 births and 1,358 deaths in Sao Tome and Principe per year. Rate of natural increase is approximately 2.65 percent per year. The population density of Sao Tome and Principe has changed from 98.9 in 1980 to 208.2 in 2016.

Current population 212,233 people at present (Monday 22nd of October 2018)
Median Age 22.8 years
Life expectancy 66.8 years
Population density 217.5 per km2
Population of Sao Tome and Principe from 1960 to 2018 (historical)
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2018 209,000 5,000 (2.4%) -1,000 22.8 4.34 218 139,000 (66.7%)
2017 204,000 4,090 (2.0%) -1,000 22.6 4.40 213 135,000 (66.2%)
2016 199,910 4,357 (2.2%) -1,000 22.6 4.46 208 131,235 (65.6%)
2015 195,553 4,287 (2.2%) -1,000 22.5 4.52 204 127,289 (65.1%)
2010 174,776 3,963 (2.3%) -1,120 22.1 4.79 182 108,199 (61.9%)
2005 155,630 3,661 (2.4%) -1,120 21.9 5.02 162 90,281 (58.0%)
2000 138,606 2,720 (2.0%) -1,120 22.0 5.28 144 74,049 (53.4%)
1995 126,454 2,481 (2.0%) -1,659 21.8 5.55 132 61,496 (48.6%)
1990 113,893 2,266 (2.0%) -1,120 22.1 5.82 119 49,712 (43.6%)
1985 103,634 1,719 (1.7%) -1,200 22.4 6.10 108 39,432 (38.0%)
1980 94,949 2,300 (2.4%) -1,200 22.7 6.39 99 31,791 (33.5%)
1975 82,607 1,937 (2.3%) -244 22.2 6.53 86 26,136 (31.6%)
1970 74,253 2,012 (2.7%) -502 22.6 6.47 77 21,918 (29.5%)
1965 64,796 584 (0.9%) -149 23.1 6.35 67 14,147 (21.8%)
1960 64,253 298 (0.5%) -1,830 25.9 6.24 67 10,327 (16.1%)

In 2017 the population of Sao Tome and Principe was 204,000 and the average age decreased from 25.9 in 1960 to 22.6. Urban population has increased from 74,049 (53.4%) in 2000 to 139,000 (66.7%) in the current year. The population density of Sao Tome and Principe has changed from 98.9 in 1980 to 208.2 in 2016.

Estimated Population 2020-2050
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2020 218,000 5,000 (2.3%) -951 23.1 4.22 227 147,000 (67.6%)
2025 242,000 5,000 (2.1%) -900 23.8 3.95 252 168,000 (69.5%)
2030 268,000 5,000 (1.9%) -900 24.6 3.71 280 190,000 (70.8%)
2035 296,000 6,000 (2.0%) -900 25.6 3.49 308 213,000 (72.0%)
2040 324,000 6,000 (1.9%) -900 26.4 3.31 337 237,000 (73.2%)
2045 352,000 6,000 (1.7%) -900 27.3 3.14 367 262,000 (74.4%)
2050 380,000 6,000 (1.6%) -900 28.4 3.00 396 287,000 (75.5%)

Total Sao Tome and Principe population should reach 218,000 by 2020 and should increase to 380,000 people by year 2050. The life expectancy at birth should reach 70.5 (67.8 years for male and 73.4 years for females). Population density will go up to 395.6 people per square kilometer.

Sao Tome and Principe demographics 2017

The population growth rate is 2.45% (4,090 residents, including 1,340 deaths). The demographics of Sao Tome and Principe constitutes of 105,000 women and 104,000 men, which means there are 991 men per 1000 women. As far as age distribution goes, 54.1% of population (113,027) is 19 or younger, 43.6% of population (91,040) is between age 20 and 64 and 2.9% of population (5,977) is over 65.

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