Sao Tome and Principe population 237,795 (live)

The population of Sao Tome and Principe is expected to grow by 5,000 in 2024 and reach 242,000 in 2025. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 951 people yearly. The population density of Sao Tome and Principe has changed from 98.9 in 1980 to 237.0 in 2022.

Current population 237,795 people at present (Tuesday 27th of February 2024)
Median Age 23.6 years
Population density 247.2 per km2
Population of Sao Tome and Principe from 1960 to 2024 (historical)
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2024 237,000 5,000 (2.1%) -951 23.6 247 164,000 (69.1%)
2023 232,000 5,000 (2.2%) -951 23.5 242 160,000 (68.8%)
2022 227,000 4,000 (1.8%) -951 23.3 237 156,000 (68.4%)
2021 223,000 5,000 (2.2%) -951 23.3 232 151,000 (68.0%)
2020 218,000 5,000 (2.3%) -951 23.1 4.22 227 147,000 (67.6%)
2019 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 22.8 4.28 222 143,000 (67.1%)
2018 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 22.8 4.34 218 139,000 (66.7%)
2017 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 22.6 4.40 213 135,000 (66.2%)
2016 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 22.6 4.46 208 131,235 (65.6%)
2015 195,553 4,287 (2.2%) -1,000 22.5 4.52 204 127,289 (65.1%)
2010 174,776 3,963 (2.3%) -1,120 22.1 4.79 182 108,199 (61.9%)
2005 155,630 3,661 (2.4%) -1,120 21.9 5.02 162 90,281 (58.0%)
2000 138,606 2,720 (2.0%) -1,120 22.0 5.28 144 74,049 (53.4%)
1995 126,454 2,481 (2.0%) -1,659 21.8 5.55 132 61,496 (48.6%)
1990 113,893 2,266 (2.0%) -1,120 22.1 5.82 119 49,712 (43.6%)
1985 103,634 1,719 (1.7%) -1,200 22.4 6.10 108 39,432 (38.0%)
1980 94,949 2,300 (2.4%) -1,200 22.7 6.39 99 31,791 (33.5%)
1975 82,607 1,937 (2.3%) -244 22.2 6.53 86 26,136 (31.6%)
1970 74,253 2,012 (2.7%) -502 22.6 6.47 77 21,918 (29.5%)
1965 64,796 584 (0.9%) -149 23.1 6.35 67 14,147 (21.8%)
1960 64,253 298 (0.5%) -1,830 25.9 6.24 67 10,327 (16.1%)

In 2023 the population of Sao Tome and Principe was 232,000 and the average age decreased from 25.9 in 1960 to 23.5. Urban population has increased from 74,049 (53.4%) in 2000 to 164,000 (69.1%) in the current year. The population density of Sao Tome and Principe has changed from 98.9 in 1980 to 237.0 in 2022.

Estimated Population 2020-2050
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2020 0 0 (0.0%) -951 23.1 4.22 227 147,000 (67.6%)
2025 242,000 5,000 (2.1%) -900 23.8 3.95 252 168,000 (69.5%)
2030 268,000 5,000 (1.9%) -900 24.6 3.71 280 190,000 (70.8%)
2035 296,000 6,000 (2.0%) -900 25.6 3.49 308 213,000 (72.0%)
2040 324,000 6,000 (1.9%) -900 26.4 3.31 337 237,000 (73.2%)
2045 352,000 6,000 (1.7%) -900 27.3 3.14 367 262,000 (74.4%)
2050 380,000 6,000 (1.6%) -900 28.4 3.00 396 287,000 (75.5%)

The life expectancy at birth should reach 70.5 (67.8 years for male and 73.4 years for females). Population density will go up to 395.6 people per square kilometer.

Sao Tome and Principe demographics 2023

The demographics of Sao Tome and Principe constitutes of 119,000 women and 118,000 men, which means there are 992 men per 1000 women. As far as age distribution goes, 51.9% of population (123,003) is 19 or younger, 45.8% of population (108,641) is between age 20 and 64 and 3.0% of population (7,015) is over 65.

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