Somalia population 17,475,912 (live)

The population of Somalia is expected to grow by 499,000 in 2022 and reach 17,601,000 in 2023. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 29,967 people yearly. The population density of Somalia has changed from 10.1 in 1980 to 25.7 in 2020.

Current population 17,475,912 people at present (Monday 3rd of October 2022)
Median Age 21.5 years
Population density 27.2 per km2
Population of Somalia from 1960 to 2022 (historical)
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2022 17,088,000 499,000 (2.9%) -29,967 21.5 27 7,354,000 (43.0%)
2021 16,589,000 484,000 (2.9%) -29,967 21.4 26 7,054,000 (42.5%)
2020 16,105,000 469,000 (2.9%) -29,967 21.4 5.89 26 6,766,000 (42.0%)
2019 0 0 (0.0%) -39,958 21.4 5.98 25 6,490,000 (41.5%)
2018 0 0 (0.0%) -39,958 21.3 6.08 24 6,226,000 (41.0%)
2017 0 0 (0.0%) -39,958 21.3 6.17 24 5,973,000 (40.5%)
2016 0 0 (0.0%) -39,958 21.3 6.27 23 5,731,494 (40.0%)
2015 13,908,129 395,004 (2.8%) -39,958 21.2 6.37 22 5,500,804 (39.6%)
2010 12,053,223 345,233 (2.9%) -45,374 21.2 6.87 19 4,490,910 (37.3%)
2005 10,409,925 293,697 (2.8%) -37,250 21.3 7.31 17 3,659,713 (35.2%)
2000 9,011,479 291,248 (3.2%) -36,619 21.4 7.62 14 2,996,046 (33.2%)
1995 7,704,894 120,940 (1.6%) -20,337 21.9 7.65 12 2,421,263 (31.4%)
1990 7,397,347 98,930 (1.3%) -161,243 22.2 7.40 12 2,193,905 (29.7%)
1985 6,791,716 43,784 (0.6%) -79,940 22.5 7.15 11 1,906,231 (28.1%)
1980 6,359,126 405,511 (6.4%) -80,178 22.7 7.01 10 1,701,893 (26.8%)
1975 3,880,320 252,816 (6.5%) 374,074 22.9 7.03 6 989,404 (25.5%)
1970 3,444,553 56,921 (1.7%) 23.0 7.18 5 781,156 (22.7%)
1965 3,068,437 67,311 (2.2%) 382 23.2 7.26 5 612,583 (20.0%)
1960 2,755,947 58,149 (2.1%) -266 23.3 7.25 4 477,110 (17.3%)

In 2021 the population of Somalia was 16,589,000 and the average age decreased from 23.3 in 1960 to 21.4. Urban population has increased from 2,996,046 (33.2%) in 2000 to 7,354,000 (43.0%) in the current year. The population density of Somalia has changed from 10.1 in 1980 to 25.7 in 2020.

Estimated Population 2020-2050
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2020 0 0 (0.0%) -29,967 21.4 5.89 26 6,766,000 (42.0%)
2025 18,666,000 538,000 (2.9%) -29,967 21.6 5.44 30 8,326,000 (44.6%)
2030 21,535,000 598,000 (2.8%) -29,967 22.0 5.02 34 10,176,000 (47.3%)
2035 24,700,000 656,000 (2.7%) -29,967 22.5 4.63 39 12,330,000 (49.9%)
2040 28,146,000 712,000 (2.5%) -29,967 23.1 4.28 45 14,800,000 (52.6%)
2045 31,869,000 766,000 (2.4%) -29,967 23.8 3.97 51 17,602,000 (55.2%)
2050 35,852,000 816,000 (2.3%) -29,967 24.5 3.70 57 20,741,000 (57.9%)

The life expectancy at birth should reach 66.8 (64.6 years for male and 69.1 years for females). Population density will go up to 57.1 people per square kilometer.

Somalia demographics 2021

The population growth rate is 3.01% (484,000 residents, including 167,154 deaths). The demographics of Somalia constitutes of 8,575,000 women and 8,513,000 men, which means there are 993 men per 1000 women. As far as age distribution goes, 56.6% of population (9,673,517) is 19 or younger, 40.6% of population (6,937,728) is between age 20 and 64 and 2.8% of population (476,755) is over 65.

Other countries
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Population: 14,314,000
Uganda
Population: 50,243,000
Tanzania
Population: 66,612,000
Zambia
Population: 19,804,000
Zimbabwe
Population: 18,437,000
Angola
Population: 34,988,000
Cameroon
Population: 27,280,000
Central African Republic
Population: 5,132,000