Estonia population 1,282,315 (live)

The population of Estonia is expected to decrease by 5,000 in 2024 and reach 1,280,000 in 2025. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 1,000 people yearly. The population density of Estonia has changed from 34.8 in 1980 to 30.5 in 2022.

Current population 1,282,315 people at present (Sunday 14th of July 2024)
Median Age 43.1 years
Population density 30.3 per km2
Population of Estonia from 1960 to 2024 (historical)
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2024 1,285,000 -5,000 (-0.4%) -1,000 43.1 30 867,000 (67.5%)
2023 1,290,000 -4,000 (-0.3%) -1,000 43.0 30 869,000 (67.4%)
2022 1,294,000 -4,000 (-0.3%) -1,000 42.8 31 872,000 (67.4%)
2021 1,298,000 -4,000 (-0.3%) -1,000 42.7 31 874,000 (67.4%)
2020 1,302,000 -4,000 (-0.3%) -1,000 42.5 1.69 31 877,000 (67.3%)
2019 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.4 1.66 31 880,000 (67.4%)
2018 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.3 1.63 31 882,000 (67.4%)
2017 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.2 1.60 31 885,000 (67.4%)
2016 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.0 1.57 31 888,203 (67.5%)
2015 1,315,407 862 (0.1%) -1,000 41.8 1.54 31 888,400 (67.5%)
2010 1,331,475 -3,040 (-0.2%) -2,103 40.9 1.72 31 906,655 (68.1%)
2005 1,354,775 -7,775 (-0.6%) -3,030 40.0 1.52 32 931,205 (68.7%)
2000 1,396,985 6,741 (0.5%) -3,681 38.8 1.36 33 969,061 (69.4%)
1995 1,436,634 -25,880 (-1.8%) -239 37.4 1.38 34 1,009,954 (70.3%)
1990 1,569,174 1,043 (0.1%) -22,375 35.9 2.05 37 1,117,738 (71.2%)
1985 1,528,781 10,164 (0.7%) 3,099 35.8 2.13 36 1,081,872 (70.8%)
1980 1,477,219 8,886 (0.6%) 5,180 35.7 2.02 35 1,029,784 (69.7%)
1975 1,429,352 11,183 (0.8%) 6,102 35.6 2.04 34 966,085 (67.6%)
1970 1,360,076 14,827 (1.1%) 6,116 35.4 2.17 32 883,329 (64.9%)
1965 1,294,566 17,480 (1.4%) 8,241 34.9 1.88 31 794,190 (61.3%)
1960 1,211,537 13,540 (1.1%) 8,646 34.6 1.98 29 697,034 (57.5%)

In 2023 the population of Estonia was 1,290,000 and the average age increased from 34.6 in 1960 to 43.0. Urban population has increased from 969,061 (69.4%) in 2000 to 867,000 (67.5%) in the current year. The population density of Estonia has changed from 34.8 in 1980 to 30.5 in 2022.

Estimated Population 2020-2050
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2020 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.5 1.69 31 877,000 (67.3%)
2025 1,280,000 -5,000 (-0.4%) -1,000 43.3 1.73 30 865,000 (67.5%)
2030 1,253,000 -6,000 (-0.5%) -1,000 44.2 1.76 30 853,000 (68.1%)
2035 1,221,000 -7,000 (-0.6%) -1,000 45.0 1.78 29 843,000 (69.0%)
2040 1,192,000 -5,000 (-0.4%) -1,000 45.7 1.79 28 837,000 (70.3%)
2045 1,164,000 -6,000 (-0.5%) -1,000 46.1 1.81 28 833,000 (71.5%)
2050 1,138,000 -5,000 (-0.4%) -1,000 46.3 1.82 27 828,000 (72.7%)

The life expectancy at birth should reach 83.1 (80.0 years for male and 86.4 years for females). Population density will go up to 27.0 people per square kilometer.

Estonia demographics 2023

The demographics of Estonia constitutes of 679,000 women and 606,000 men, which means there are 893 men per 1000 women. As far as age distribution goes, 22.0% of population (283,086) is 19 or younger, 56.4% of population (724,997) is between age 20 and 64 and 21.6% of population (277,946) is over 65.

Other countries
Faeroe Islands
Population:51,000
Finland
Population:5,615,000
Iceland
Population:354,000
Ireland
Population:5,082,000
Isle of Man
Population:88,000
Latvia
Population:1,878,000
Lithuania
Population:2,760,000
Norway
Population:5,619,000