Estonia population 1,290,975 (live)

The population of Estonia is expected to decrease by 4,000 in 2022 and reach 1,290,000 in 2023. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 1,000 people yearly. The population density of Estonia has changed from 34.8 in 1980 to 30.7 in 2020.

Current population 1,290,975 people at present (Monday 3rd of October 2022)
Median Age 42.8 years
Population density 30.5 per km2
Population of Estonia from 1960 to 2022 (historical)
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2022 1,294,000 -4,000 (-0.3%) -1,000 42.8 31 872,000 (67.4%)
2021 1,298,000 -4,000 (-0.3%) -1,000 42.7 31 874,000 (67.4%)
2020 1,302,000 -4,000 (-0.3%) -1,000 42.5 1.69 31 877,000 (67.3%)
2019 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.4 1.66 31 880,000 (67.4%)
2018 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.3 1.63 31 882,000 (67.4%)
2017 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.2 1.60 31 885,000 (67.4%)
2016 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.0 1.57 31 888,203 (67.5%)
2015 1,315,407 862 (0.1%) -1,000 41.8 1.54 31 888,400 (67.5%)
2010 1,331,475 -3,040 (-0.2%) -2,103 40.9 1.72 31 906,655 (68.1%)
2005 1,354,775 -7,775 (-0.6%) -3,030 40.0 1.52 32 931,205 (68.7%)
2000 1,396,985 6,741 (0.5%) -3,681 38.8 1.36 33 969,061 (69.4%)
1995 1,436,634 -25,880 (-1.8%) -239 37.4 1.38 34 1,009,954 (70.3%)
1990 1,569,174 1,043 (0.1%) -22,375 35.9 2.05 37 1,117,738 (71.2%)
1985 1,528,781 10,164 (0.7%) 3,099 35.8 2.13 36 1,081,872 (70.8%)
1980 1,477,219 8,886 (0.6%) 5,180 35.7 2.02 35 1,029,784 (69.7%)
1975 1,429,352 11,183 (0.8%) 6,102 35.6 2.04 34 966,085 (67.6%)
1970 1,360,076 14,827 (1.1%) 6,116 35.4 2.17 32 883,329 (64.9%)
1965 1,294,566 17,480 (1.4%) 8,241 34.9 1.88 31 794,190 (61.3%)
1960 1,211,537 13,540 (1.1%) 8,646 34.6 1.98 29 697,034 (57.5%)

In 2021 the population of Estonia was 1,298,000 and the average age increased from 34.6 in 1960 to 42.7. Urban population has increased from 969,061 (69.4%) in 2000 to 872,000 (67.4%) in the current year. The population density of Estonia has changed from 34.8 in 1980 to 30.7 in 2020.

Estimated Population 2020-2050
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2020 0 0 (0.0%) -1,000 42.5 1.69 31 877,000 (67.3%)
2025 1,280,000 -5,000 (-0.4%) -1,000 43.3 1.73 30 865,000 (67.5%)
2030 1,253,000 -6,000 (-0.5%) -1,000 44.2 1.76 30 853,000 (68.1%)
2035 1,221,000 -7,000 (-0.6%) -1,000 45.0 1.78 29 843,000 (69.0%)
2040 1,192,000 -5,000 (-0.4%) -1,000 45.7 1.79 28 837,000 (70.3%)
2045 1,164,000 -6,000 (-0.5%) -1,000 46.1 1.81 28 833,000 (71.5%)
2050 1,138,000 -5,000 (-0.4%) -1,000 46.3 1.82 27 828,000 (72.7%)

The life expectancy at birth should reach 83.1 (80.0 years for male and 86.4 years for females). Population density will go up to 27.0 people per square kilometer.

Estonia demographics 2021

The population growth rate is minus 0.31% (4,000 residents, including 16,038 deaths). The demographics of Estonia constitutes of 685,000 women and 609,000 men, which means there are 889 men per 1000 women. As far as age distribution goes, 22.0% of population (284,939) is 19 or younger, 57.2% of population (739,909) is between age 20 and 64 and 20.9% of population (270,834) is over 65.

Other countries
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Population: 50,000
Finland
Population: 5,587,000
Iceland
Population: 349,000
Ireland
Population: 5,013,000
Isle of Man
Population: 87,000
Latvia
Population: 1,899,000
Lithuania
Population: 2,784,000
Norway
Population: 5,532,000