Afghanistan population 39,840,973 (live)

The population of Afghanistan is expected to grow by 865,000 in 2022 and reach 40,649,000 in 2023. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 60,000 people yearly. The population density of Afghanistan has changed from 20.3 in 1980 to 58.3 in 2020.

Current population 39,840,973 people at present (Wednesday 26th of January 2022)
Median Age 23.1 years
Population density 60.9 per km2
Population of Afghanistan from 1960 to 2022 (historical)
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2022 39,779,000 865,000 (2.2%) -60,000 23.1 61 11,890,000 (29.9%)
2021 38,914,000 859,000 (2.2%) -60,000 22.8 60 11,445,000 (29.4%)
2020 38,055,000 846,000 (2.2%) -60,000 22.7 4.04 58 11,012,000 (28.9%)
2019 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 22.4 4.19 57 10,595,000 (28.5%)
2018 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 22.3 4.34 56 10,191,000 (28.0%)
2017 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 22.1 4.50 54 9,796,000 (27.6%)
2016 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 21.9 4.65 53 9,402,875 (27.1%)
2015 33,736,494 978,474 (2.9%) -60,000 21.7 4.80 52 9,008,656 (26.7%)
2010 28,803,167 798,836 (2.8%) 89,601 20.9 5.82 44 7,111,214 (24.7%)
2005 25,070,798 951,819 (3.8%) -155,499 20.6 6.83 38 5,739,959 (22.9%)
2000 20,093,756 690,080 (3.4%) 185,824 20.5 7.49 31 4,276,353 (21.3%)
1995 17,099,541 926,822 (5.4%) -75,895 20.8 7.61 26 3,378,356 (19.8%)
1990 12,249,114 471,505 (3.9%) 465,495 20.6 7.47 19 2,243,548 (18.3%)
1985 11,783,050 -264,065 (-2.2%) -296,837 20.9 7.46 18 1,998,170 (17.0%)
1980 13,248,370 -58,325 (-0.4%) -663,660 21.6 7.45 20 2,077,477 (15.7%)
1975 12,590,286 268,745 (2.1%) -218,492 22.0 7.45 19 1,710,139 (13.6%)
1970 11,126,123 271,695 (2.4%) -4,000 22.3 7.45 17 1,282,731 (11.5%)
1965 9,938,414 207,053 (2.1%) -4,000 22.7 7.45 15 968,995 (9.8%)
1960 8,996,351 170,413 (1.9%) -4,000 23.0 7.45 14 739,590 (8.2%)

In 2021 the population of Afghanistan was 38,914,000 and the average age decreased from 23.0 in 1960 to 22.8. Urban population has increased from 4,276,353 (21.3%) in 2000 to 11,890,000 (29.9%) in the current year. The population density of Afghanistan has changed from 20.3 in 1980 to 58.3 in 2020.

Estimated Population 2020-2050
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2020 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 22.7 4.04 58 11,012,000 (28.9%)
2025 42,388,000 868,000 (2.1%) -60,000 23.8 3.43 65 13,303,000 (31.4%)
2030 46,700,000 857,000 (1.8%) -60,000 25.0 2.98 72 15,876,000 (34.0%)
2035 50,908,000 829,000 (1.6%) -60,000 26.3 2.68 78 18,693,000 (36.7%)
2040 54,914,000 780,000 (1.4%) -60,000 27.7 2.45 84 21,707,000 (39.5%)
2045 58,614,000 711,000 (1.2%) -60,000 29.2 2.27 90 24,858,000 (42.4%)
2050 61,928,000 631,000 (1.0%) -60,000 30.8 2.13 95 28,080,000 (45.3%)

The life expectancy at birth should reach 71.3 (69.3 years for male and 73.5 years for females). Population density will go up to 94.9 people per square kilometer.

Afghanistan demographics 2021

The population growth rate is 2.22% (859,000 residents, including 235,789 deaths). The demographics of Afghanistan constitutes of 19,324,000 women and 20,455,000 men, which means there are 1,059 men per 1000 women. As far as age distribution goes, 51.9% of population (20,661,213) is 19 or younger, 45.3% of population (18,011,931) is between age 20 and 64 and 2.8% of population (1,101,878) is over 65.

Other countries
Bangladesh
Population: 173,229,000
Bhutan
Population: 853,000
India
Population: 1,411,415,000
Iran
Population: 84,982,000
Maldives
Population: 450,000
Nepal
Population: 30,895,000
Pakistan
Population: 215,824,000
Sri Lanka
Population: 21,675,000