Afghanistan population 41,776,833 (live)

The population of Afghanistan is expected to grow by 871,000 in 2024 and reach 42,388,000 in 2025. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 60,000 people yearly. The population density of Afghanistan has changed from 20.3 in 1980 to 60.9 in 2022.

Current population 41,776,833 people at present (Wednesday 17th of April 2024)
Median Age 23.5 years
Population density 63.6 per km2
Population of Afghanistan from 1960 to 2024 (historical)
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2024 41,520,000 871,000 (2.1%) -60,000 23.5 64 12,821,000 (30.9%)
2023 40,649,000 870,000 (2.1%) -60,000 23.3 62 12,350,000 (30.4%)
2022 39,779,000 865,000 (2.2%) -60,000 23.1 61 11,890,000 (29.9%)
2021 38,914,000 859,000 (2.2%) -60,000 22.8 60 11,445,000 (29.4%)
2020 38,055,000 846,000 (2.2%) -60,000 22.7 4.04 58 11,012,000 (28.9%)
2019 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 22.4 4.19 57 10,595,000 (28.5%)
2018 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 22.3 4.34 56 10,191,000 (28.0%)
2017 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 22.1 4.50 54 9,796,000 (27.6%)
2016 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 21.9 4.65 53 9,402,875 (27.1%)
2015 33,736,494 978,474 (2.9%) -60,000 21.7 4.80 52 9,008,656 (26.7%)
2010 28,803,167 798,836 (2.8%) 89,601 20.9 5.82 44 7,111,214 (24.7%)
2005 25,070,798 951,819 (3.8%) -155,499 20.6 6.83 38 5,739,959 (22.9%)
2000 20,093,756 690,080 (3.4%) 185,824 20.5 7.49 31 4,276,353 (21.3%)
1995 17,099,541 926,822 (5.4%) -75,895 20.8 7.61 26 3,378,356 (19.8%)
1990 12,249,114 471,505 (3.9%) 465,495 20.6 7.47 19 2,243,548 (18.3%)
1985 11,783,050 -264,065 (-2.2%) -296,837 20.9 7.46 18 1,998,170 (17.0%)
1980 13,248,370 -58,325 (-0.4%) -663,660 21.6 7.45 20 2,077,477 (15.7%)
1975 12,590,286 268,745 (2.1%) -218,492 22.0 7.45 19 1,710,139 (13.6%)
1970 11,126,123 271,695 (2.4%) -4,000 22.3 7.45 17 1,282,731 (11.5%)
1965 9,938,414 207,053 (2.1%) -4,000 22.7 7.45 15 968,995 (9.8%)
1960 8,996,351 170,413 (1.9%) -4,000 23.0 7.45 14 739,590 (8.2%)

In 2023 the population of Afghanistan was 40,649,000 and the average age increased from 23.0 in 1960 to 23.3. Urban population has increased from 4,276,353 (21.3%) in 2000 to 12,821,000 (30.9%) in the current year. The population density of Afghanistan has changed from 20.3 in 1980 to 60.9 in 2022.

Estimated Population 2020-2050
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2020 0 0 (0.0%) -60,000 22.7 4.04 58 11,012,000 (28.9%)
2025 42,388,000 868,000 (2.1%) -60,000 23.8 3.43 65 13,303,000 (31.4%)
2030 46,700,000 857,000 (1.8%) -60,000 25.0 2.98 72 15,876,000 (34.0%)
2035 50,908,000 829,000 (1.6%) -60,000 26.3 2.68 78 18,693,000 (36.7%)
2040 54,914,000 780,000 (1.4%) -60,000 27.7 2.45 84 21,707,000 (39.5%)
2045 58,614,000 711,000 (1.2%) -60,000 29.2 2.27 90 24,858,000 (42.4%)
2050 61,928,000 631,000 (1.0%) -60,000 30.8 2.13 95 28,080,000 (45.3%)

The life expectancy at birth should reach 71.3 (69.3 years for male and 73.5 years for females). Population density will go up to 94.9 people per square kilometer.

Afghanistan demographics 2023

The demographics of Afghanistan constitutes of 20,182,000 women and 21,338,000 men, which means there are 1,057 men per 1000 women. As far as age distribution goes, 50.5% of population (20,950,992) is 19 or younger, 46.7% of population (19,377,384) is between age 20 and 64 and 2.9% of population (1,187,472) is over 65.

Other countries
Bangladesh
Population:176,631,000
Bhutan
Population:870,000
India
Population:1,438,635,000
Iran
Population:86,191,000
Maldives
Population:458,000
Nepal
Population:31,515,000
Pakistan
Population:223,158,000
Sri Lanka
Population:21,769,000