India population 1,442,538,978 (live)

The population of India is expected to grow by 13,477,000 in 2024 and reach 1,451,829,000 in 2025. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 400,000 people yearly. The population density of India has changed from 234.4 in 1980 to 474.7 in 2022.

Current population 1,442,538,978 people at present (Wednesday 17th of April 2024)
Median Age 31.7 years
Population density 483.9 per km2
Population of India from 1960 to 2024 (historical)
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2024 1,438,635,000 13,477,000 (0.9%) -400,000 31.7 484 526,095,000 (36.6%)
2023 1,425,158,000 13,743,000 (1.0%) -400,000 31.5 479 514,625,000 (36.1%)
2022 1,411,415,000 13,992,000 (1.0%) -400,000 31.2 475 503,297,000 (35.7%)
2021 1,397,423,000 14,225,000 (1.0%) -400,000 31.0 470 492,130,000 (35.2%)
2020 1,383,198,000 14,460,000 (1.1%) -400,000 30.8 2.24 465 481,118,000 (34.8%)
2019 0 0 (0.0%) -490,000 30.5 2.26 460 470,271,000 (34.4%)
2018 0 0 (0.0%) -490,000 30.3 2.29 455 459,592,000 (33.9%)
2017 0 0 (0.0%) -490,000 30.0 2.31 450 449,094,000 (33.5%)
2016 0 0 (0.0%) -490,000 29.8 2.33 445 438,777,420 (33.1%)
2015 1,309,053,980 15,194,686 (1.2%) -490,000 29.5 2.35 440 428,675,907 (32.7%)
2010 1,230,980,691 16,710,559 (1.4%) -515,643 28.3 2.60 414 380,742,328 (30.9%)
2005 1,144,118,674 17,982,897 (1.6%) -582,766 27.3 2.97 385 334,483,094 (29.2%)
2000 1,053,050,912 18,511,698 (1.8%) -390,182 26.4 3.31 354 291,347,596 (27.7%)
1995 960,482,795 18,278,546 (1.9%) -143,380 25.7 3.65 323 255,555,657 (26.6%)
1990 870,133,480 17,863,446 (2.1%) -110,587 25.1 4.05 293 222,293,000 (25.5%)
1985 781,666,671 17,421,469 (2.2%) 9,029 24.7 4.48 263 190,320,201 (24.3%)
1980 696,783,517 15,867,713 (2.3%) 116,619 24.5 4.83 234 160,943,057 (23.1%)
1975 621,301,720 14,251,465 (2.3%) 231,436 24.2 5.19 209 132,536,083 (21.3%)
1970 553,578,513 12,073,437 (2.2%) 428,664 24.1 5.59 186 109,387,114 (19.8%)
1965 497,702,365 10,217,830 (2.1%) -69,036 24.1 5.83 167 93,493,389 (18.8%)
1960 449,480,608 9,014,355 (2.0%) -17,076 24.2 5.91 151 80,564,904 (17.9%)

In 2023 the population of India was 1,425,158,000 and the average age increased from 24.2 in 1960 to 31.5. Urban population has increased from 291,347,596 (27.7%) in 2000 to 526,095,000 (36.6%) in the current year. The population density of India has changed from 234.4 in 1980 to 474.7 in 2022.

Estimated Population 2020-2050
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2020 0 0 (0.0%) -400,000 30.8 2.24 465 481,118,000 (34.8%)
2025 1,451,829,000 13,194,000 (0.9%) -400,000 32.0 2.14 488 537,714,000 (37.0%)
2030 1,512,985,000 11,523,000 (0.8%) -400,000 33.2 2.06 509 597,493,000 (39.5%)
2035 1,564,570,000 9,462,000 (0.6%) -400,000 34.4 1.99 526 658,809,000 (42.1%)
2040 1,605,356,000 7,345,000 (0.5%) -400,000 35.7 1.93 540 719,215,000 (44.8%)
2045 1,636,496,000 5,512,000 (0.3%) -400,000 36.9 1.88 550 777,794,000 (47.5%)
2050 1,658,978,000 3,825,000 (0.2%) -400,000 38.0 1.84 558 833,968,000 (50.3%)

The life expectancy at birth should reach 74.7 (72.5 years for male and 76.9 years for females). Population density will go up to 558.0 people per square kilometer.

India demographics 2023

The demographics of India constitutes of 694,296,000 women and 744,339,000 men, which means there are 1,072 men per 1000 women. As far as age distribution goes, 33.9% of population (487,265,675) is 19 or younger, 58.8% of population (846,348,971) is between age 20 and 64 and 7.3% of population (105,164,219) is over 65.

Other countries
Iran
Population:86,191,000
Maldives
Population:458,000
Nepal
Population:31,515,000
Pakistan
Population:223,158,000
Sri Lanka
Population:21,769,000
Brunei
Population:464,000
Cambodia
Population:17,599,000
Indonesia
Population:282,377,000