Mongolia population 3,164,312 (live)

The population of Mongolia is expected to grow by 46,000 in 2018 and reach 3,166,000 in 2019. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 3,000 people yearly. On average there are 69,573 births and 19,928 deaths in Mongolia per year. Rate of natural increase is approximately 1.59 percent per year. The population density of Mongolia has changed from 1.1 in 1980 to 1.9 in 2016.

Current population 3,164,312 people at present (Monday 17th of December 2018)
Median Age 29.1 years
Life expectancy 69.6 years
Population density 2.0 per km2
Population of Mongolia from 1960 to 2018 (historical)
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2018 3,122,000 46,000 (1.5%) -3,000 29.1 2.67 2 2,319,000 (74.3%)
2017 3,076,000 48,602 (1.6%) -3,000 28.9 2.71 2 2,263,000 (73.6%)
2016 3,027,398 50,521 (1.7%) -3,000 28.7 2.75 2 2,204,642 (72.8%)
2015 2,976,877 52,981 (1.8%) -3,000 28.6 2.79 2 2,144,542 (72.0%)
2010 2,712,650 44,361 (1.6%) -3,000 28.0 2.64 2 1,832,856 (67.6%)
2005 2,526,446 29,614 (1.2%) -3,000 26.9 2.17 2 1,578,877 (62.5%)
2000 2,397,436 21,274 (0.9%) -3,000 25.3 2.14 2 1,369,727 (57.1%)
1995 2,298,039 17,543 (0.8%) -10,493 24.1 2.74 1 1,305,401 (56.8%)
1990 2,184,145 43,137 (2.0%) -17,686 23.7 4.05 1 1,245,683 (57.0%)
1985 1,921,881 50,791 (2.6%) 23.5 5.35 1 1,057,803 (55.0%)
1980 1,689,622 43,331 (2.6%) 23.5 6.21 1 880,006 (52.1%)
1975 1,479,651 41,226 (2.8%) 23.8 7.14 1 719,939 (48.7%)
1970 1,278,825 36,611 (2.9%) 24.4 7.57 1 576,136 (45.1%)
1965 1,107,124 32,610 (3.0%) 25.4 7.59 1 466,254 (42.1%)
1960 955,505 26,673 (2.7%) 26.8 6.95 1 340,915 (35.7%)

In 2017 the population of Mongolia was 3,076,000 and the average age increased from 26.8 in 1960 to 28.9. Urban population has increased from 1,369,727 (57.1%) in 2000 to 2,319,000 (74.3%) in the current year. The population density of Mongolia has changed from 1.1 in 1980 to 1.9 in 2016.

Estimated Population 2020-2050
Year Population Year change Migrants Median age Fertility rate Density (Ppl/km2) Urban population
2020 3,209,000 43,000 (1.3%) -3,000 29.5 2.59 2 2,426,000 (75.6%)
2025 3,402,000 35,000 (1.0%) -3,000 30.7 2.46 2 2,666,000 (78.4%)
2030 3,561,000 30,000 (0.8%) -3,000 32.0 2.36 2 2,864,000 (80.4%)
2035 3,698,000 26,000 (0.7%) -3,000 33.3 2.27 2 3,028,000 (81.9%)
2040 3,827,000 26,000 (0.7%) -3,000 34.4 2.20 3 3,172,000 (82.9%)
2045 3,954,000 25,000 (0.6%) -3,000 35.3 2.14 3 3,316,000 (83.9%)
2050 4,075,000 23,000 (0.6%) -3,000 36.0 2.10 3 3,454,000 (84.8%)

Total Mongolia population should reach 3,209,000 by 2020 and should increase to 4,075,000 people by year 2050. The life expectancy at birth should reach 75.0 (71.1 years for male and 79.2 years for females). Population density will go up to 2.6 people per square kilometer.

Mongolia demographics 2017

The population growth rate is 1.50% (48,602 residents, including 19,173 deaths). The demographics of Mongolia constitutes of 1,578,000 women and 1,543,000 men, which means there are 978 men per 1000 women. As far as age distribution goes, 36.8% of population (1,149,208) is 19 or younger, 59.1% of population (1,844,478) is between age 20 and 64 and 4.1% of population (128,939) is over 65.

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